Les États-Unis face à un nouveau shutdown

Par le 6 février 2018

Ce 20 janvier dernier, à l’aube du premier anniversaire de l’investiture de Donald Trump, un shutdown a paralysé la première puissance mondiale. Un phénomène qui n’avait pas touché le pays depuis 2013.

Un shutdown, mais c’est quoi ?

Un shutdown est tout simplement un arrêt des activités gouvernementales aux Etats-Unis lorsque que le Congrès n’arrive pas voter le budget. A partir de ce moment, certains services dits « non essentiels » sont arrêtés tels que les emplois dans les parcs nationaux, les monuments ou encore dans les ambassades américaines. Les fonctionnaires sont alors mis au chômage temporaire, tandis que les fonctionnaires aux services « essentiels » restent en poste tout en ayant un salaire différent par rapport à une situation normale. On retrouve par exemple le corps militaire, médical ou pénal.

Pourquoi a-t-il eu lieu ?

Alors même que le président Trump fêtait sa première année à la tête des Etats-Unis, un shutdown a immobilisé le pays du 20 janvier au 22 janvier. En cause, le désaccord sur la question du renouvellement financier du programme DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) qui permet aux jeunes migrants de travailler légalement et d’être protégé de l’expulsion des Etats-Unis. En effet, le 19 janvier, les sénateurs américains devaient s’accorder sur le budget fédéral. Celui-ci devait d’ailleurs être voté en septembre, mais faute d’accord, le Sénat avait approuvé un financement provisoire à trois reprises. Ce 19 janvier annonçait donc la fin du troisième accord provisoire.
Un minimum de 60 voix était donc requis pour la mise en place de la procédure budgétaire. Or, la majorité n’étant composée que de 51 sièges républicains (Parti politique de D.Trump), les démocrates ont refusé le budget proposé tant que le sort des jeunes migrants n’était pas réglé. Ainsi, certains services ont été arrêté à partir de minuit, entraînant le début du shutdown.
Ce dernier s’est arrêté le 22 janvier suite à un nouveau vote au Sénat avec 81 voix contre 18. Après de nombreux échanges, certains démocrates ont finalement décidé de se placer en faveur d’un allongement du budget provisoire, à condition de trouver une solution pour les jeunes migrants.

Quelles sont les conséquences ?

Cet arrêt a condamné près de 850 000 fonctionnaires au chômage temporaire pendant trois jours. Ainsi qu’une baisse des revenus pour les employés de l’Etat dits “essentiels”.
Concernant, les “Dreamers”, jeunes migrants, seront également en difficulté dans les mois à venir. Si l’État abroge le programme DACA, ils vont devoir alors faire face à différents problèmes : une expulsion plus simple du pays, l’impossibilité de travailler légalement et des difficultés pour trouver un logement.

 

© Crédit photo : REUTERS/Carlos Barria

2 Commentaires

  1. I and also my friends have been checking the best information and facts located on your site then immediately developed a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the website owner for those techniques. These young men are already as a consequence stimulated to read through them and already have definitely been loving them. Appreciate your actually being really thoughtful and also for making a decision on certain amazing information millions of individuals are really needing to know about. My very own sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  2. My wife and i have been very thrilled when Albert could carry out his survey out of the precious recommendations he gained from your very own web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to simply happen to be giving freely hints which usually most people have been selling. So we know we have got the blog owner to give thanks to for this. All the explanations you made, the straightforward site menu, the relationships you can make it possible to foster – it’s got most astonishing, and it’s helping our son and the family recognize that the concept is pleasurable, which is certainly extraordinarily important. Thanks for all the pieces!

  3. I precisely had to thank you so much yet again. I do not know what I could possibly have made to happen in the absence of the solutions contributed by you concerning such question. This has been the troublesome crisis for me, but looking at your specialised avenue you solved the issue took me to jump for delight. I’m happier for your service and sincerely hope you really know what a great job that you’re doing teaching people via your blog post. More than likely you have never got to know any of us.

  4. Thank you so much for providing individuals with remarkably terrific possiblity to read in detail from this site. It really is very enjoyable and also stuffed with fun for me personally and my office mates to search your site at the least 3 times weekly to learn the fresh stuff you have. Not to mention, I am just certainly impressed for the perfect creative ideas you serve. Some 1 tips in this posting are without a doubt the best we have ever had.

  5. I just wanted to write down a quick message to express gratitude to you for some of the stunning secrets you are writing on this site. My extended internet research has at the end of the day been compensated with beneficial insight to exchange with my best friends. I ‘d suppose that many of us site visitors are very lucky to be in a wonderful website with many wonderful professionals with great guidelines. I feel very much grateful to have used your entire web site and look forward to some more thrilling times reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  6. Outstanding weblog here! Also your site loads up quickly! What host are you making use of? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as speedily as yours lol

  7. I actually wanted to send a brief message in order to express gratitude to you for those fabulous suggestions you are showing on this website. My time consuming internet lookup has finally been compensated with incredibly good concept to write about with my partners. I ‘d believe that most of us site visitors actually are very much blessed to dwell in a wonderful site with so many perfect professionals with valuable tips. I feel extremely grateful to have come across your webpages and look forward to many more entertaining minutes reading here. Thanks again for everything.

  8. Thanks for another excellent article. Where else could anyone get that type of info in such an ideal way of writing? I ave a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  9. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is wonderful, as well as the content!. Thanks For Your article about sex.

  10. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post. Also, I ave shared your website in my social networks!

  11. I would like to voice my respect for your kindness for folks that should have help on this important field. Your real dedication to getting the message all-around became remarkably productive and has usually enabled women just like me to get to their dreams. The informative guideline entails a lot to me and somewhat more to my mates. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  12. My wife and i ended up being quite fulfilled when Michael could deal with his analysis via the precious recommendations he got from your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to just choose to be giving for free points which usually people today have been selling. And now we discover we now have the blog owner to appreciate for that. All the explanations you made, the simple blog navigation, the relationships you will help foster – it’s got everything fabulous, and it’s facilitating our son and the family imagine that this article is awesome, which is certainly particularly serious. Thanks for all the pieces!

  13. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with remarkably brilliant chance to read from this blog. It really is so sweet and as well , stuffed with a great time for me and my office acquaintances to search your blog a minimum of three times in one week to find out the latest secrets you will have. Of course, I’m so certainly satisfied with the sensational secrets you give. Selected 2 ideas in this article are definitely the most suitable I have ever had.

  14. This is a great tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very precise info Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read article!

  15. Normally I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very great article.

  16. Terrific post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I ad be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Bless you!

  17. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I ave truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I all be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  18. It as not that I want to duplicate your web page, but I really like the style. Could you tell me which style are you using? Or was it especially designed?

  19. Im no professional, but I imagine you just made an excellent point. You clearly comprehend what youre talking about, and I can really get behind that. Thanks for staying so upfront and so genuine.

  20. loves can you say that about?) louis vuitton hlouis vuitton handbags replicabags replica it as back this fall in mouth watering chocolate. How can you go wrong

  21. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is wonderful, let alone the content!

  22. I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  23. This unique blog is no doubt entertaining and also informative. I have chosen many helpful advices out of this amazing blog. I ad love to return over and over again. Thanks!

  24. Your style is so unique compared to other people I ave read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I all just bookmark this blog.

  25. Thank you for another excellent article. Where else could anybody get that kind of info in such a perfect way of writing? I ave a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.

  26. I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thanks again!

  27. whoah this blog is fantastic i like reading your articles. Keep up the good paintings! You understand, a lot of people are hunting round for this info, you could aid them greatly.

  28. Wonderful article! This is the kind of information that should be shared around the web. Shame on Google for now not positioning this post higher! Come on over and seek advice from my site. Thanks =)

  29. Please forgive my English.Wow, fantastic blog layout! How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you made blogging glance easy. The entire look of your website is fantastic, let alone the content!

  30. Your information is very digestible. I enjoy your style of writing. Your points are clear and reasonable and I agree with a lot of your ideas. You have a lot of interesting views. Thank you.

Laisser une réponse

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>