Le grand débat national, pourquoi faire ?

Par le 17 janvier 2019

Depuis déjà deux mois, le mouvement des « gilets jaunes » se poursuit partout en France, principalement au travers de manifestations. Face à cette crise, le Gouvernement a décidé d’instaurer un grand débat national pour répondre aux problèmes soulevés par les manifestants et la population.

 

Comment cela va-t-il se dérouler ?

Début décembre, entre 3000 et 5000 communes ont mis à disposition de leurs habitants des cahiers de doléances afin de faire remonter les propositions des citoyens. Mais c’est à partir du 15 janvier, ouverture officielle du grand débat, et jusqu’au 15 mars prochain que les Français peuvent participer à des réunions locales, débattre sur une plateforme numérique. Des stands mobiles sont également mis en place pour débattre sur quatre grands thèmes, sélectionnés par le Gouvernement. Ce débat s’adresse, non seulement, aux citoyens mais aussi aux associations, élus, entreprises ou encore collectifs.
Emmanuel Macron, quant à lui, se rendra dans différentes régions de France pour aller à la rencontre des élus locaux, principalement les maires, et écouter leurs revendications.

Emmanuel Macron rencontre des maires de l’Eure le 15 janvier 2019 (Crédit photo : Ludovic Marin / AFP)

 

Quels sont les grands thèmes ?

Fixés par le Premier ministre, Edouard Philippe, le débat se centralisera autour de quatre grands thèmes, malgré les cinq annoncés plus tôt dans l’année, « la transition écologique », « la fiscalité et les dépenses publiques », « la démocratie et la citoyenneté » et enfin « l’organisation de l’état et des services publics » mais aussi autour de trente-quatre questions posées par le Président dans une lettre adressée aux français, dimanche 13 janvier. Néanmoins, Emmanuel Macron, a précisé que certaines mesures seront exclues des débats, telles que la remise en cause de la peine de mort, de l’IVG et du mariage pour tous. Le président assure également que le gouvernement ne reviendra pas sur certaines réformes déjà mise en œuvre comme la suppression de l’ISF (Impôt de Solidarité sur la Fortune).

Lire la lettre d'Emmanuel Macron Voir

 

Un débat déjà controversé

Pourtant, ce grand débat national n’a pas été reçu avec le même accueil partout. En effet, bon nombre de gilets jaunes avouent se sentir exclus du débat puisque la lettre aux Français du Président ne fait aucune référence au mouvement. De plus, certains nient sa légitimité et pensent que ce débat ne permettra pas de faire évoluer la situation de la France, et de sortir de cette crise.
Par ailleurs, avant même de commencer, l’organisation du débat avait fait polémique. Effectivement, la présidente de la Commission nationale du débat public (CNDP), Chantal Jouanno, chargée de mettre en œuvre le grand débat national a vivement été critiquée sur son salaire jugé élevé, avant de finalement se retirer de la « direction » du débat, début janvier.

Chantal Jouanno (Crédit photo : Laurent Achedjian)

 

Le débouché de ce grand débat national reste cependant la plus grande question. Si le Président a affirmé tenir compte des avis, qui vont survenir dans les prochains mois grâce à ce débat, pour prendre des décisions, certains opposants doutent de cette affirmation. Une affaire donc à suivre dans les prochains mois.

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  3. Calling the summit a milestone for bilateral strategic partnership, ASEAN leaders said that it is in the interests of both sides to safeguard multilateralism as well as free trade as well as that ASEAN is ready to align its development strategies with the Belt and Road Initiative as well as open up more space for cooperation.

  4. Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries and have faith in their wisdom to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

  5. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  6. He said it was an consensus « after discussion among the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region » that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  7. Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the « Oscars, » are among the most prestigious and time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.

  8. ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took an leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, as well as now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

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  10. Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic and goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko and AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  11. He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism as well as free trade, as well as his country would like to enhance communication and coordination with China to promote the healthy and stable development of EU-China relations.

  12. Sun Zhaolong, an researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China as well as World Studies, wrote in a article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play a exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

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  14. The RCEP free trade talks relate the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population as well as around a third of the global GDP.

  15. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance and jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  16. The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars and directors in attendance.

  17. Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature « An Elephant Sitting Still » was nominated for six awards, and finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  18. During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico as well as Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, as well as pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  19. The RCEP free trade talks relate the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around an third of the global GDP.

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  21. President men as well as Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt as well as Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  22. The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. a total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, as well as 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  23. During his talks with Conte, men said China and Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt as well as Road.

  24. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, an China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  25. The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up an direct hotline among their defense ministries at an early date, carry out friendly exchanges among defense think tanks as well as junior officers as well as deepen cooperation in disaster prevention and reduction, humanitarian aid as well as counter-terrorism.

  26. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is an proven way to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  27. President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  28. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago and got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  29. Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  30. ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  31. They also agreed on enhancing collaboration in connectivity, innovation, smart-city construction, e-commerce, digital economy and other areas so as to facilitate regional economic integration and the building of an East Asian Community.

  32. The two countries should work together to promote free trade and facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  33. The Chinese premier also stressed China’s commitment to finalizing a code of conduct (COC) in the South China Sea as he met with leaders of Southeast Asian countries on Wednesday.

  34. President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  35. China and ASEAN have arrived at a single draft negotiating text of COC and agreed to complete the first reading of the pact in 2019, Li noted.

  36. The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up a direct hotline between their defense ministries at a early date, carry out friendly exchanges between defense think tanks as well as junior officers and deepen cooperation in disaster prevention as well as reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  37. Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie « Dear EX » at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie "Dear EX" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  38. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie « Cities of Last Things. » During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such a successful movie.

  39. Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as an devastated mother in the film « Dear Ex. » Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie « Long Time No Sea. »

  40. China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

  41. Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries as well as have faith in their wisdom to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

  42. He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism and free trade, as well as his country would like to enhance communication as well as coordination with China to promote the healthy as well as stable development of EU-China relations.

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